Friday, 27 January 2012

QBZ-95 rifle

The People's Liberation Army (PLA) has been using AK rifles for decades and made their own versions like the Type 56 rifle. The PLA had been looking for a replacement for the aging AK rifles and the QBZ-95/Type 95 rifle came to do that job.

The QBZ-95 meant Light Rifles family, 1995 in Chinese. It is a bullpup rifle (magazine behind trigger) that uses a 5.8x42mm. During development, the Chinese tested both the 5.8x45mm and the 5.56mm in a variety of terrains like snow, march, desert, etc. The Chinese claim that the 5.8x45mm turned out to be not only superior to the 5.56mm but also more survivable in a variety of conditions.

To compare with the AK-47, the QBZ-95 is lighter so the soldier does not have to worry as he already carries alot of heavy equipment. It is smaller so it is easier to maneuver around corners in urban combat and when a soldier is in an armored vehicle, he does not need to worry about his rifle getting in the way as the inside of an armored vehicle has small space. It is more accurate unlike the AK-47 that has good firepower but lack of accuracy due to it's high caliber 7.62mm round. The QBZ-95's smaller 5.8mm round is able to provide more accuracy which could make the difference between life and death. Unlike the AK-47, the QBZ-95 rifle has alot less recoil which contributes alot towards accuracy.

The QBZ-95 has other variants like the QBZ-97 which uses the 5.56mm NATO round and the STANAG magazines. The QBZ-95 rifle's safety switch is located by the buttstock which is considered awkward and longer to switch. The QBZ-95G rifle solved that problem by having the switch by the trigger. There are also other variants like Light Machine Gun or Carbine version. The rifle was a spinoff to the QBU-88 Sniper/Marksman Rifle.

The QBZ-95 rifle can also attach a scope on top of the handle and can also attach a grenade launcher. The cocking switch is located on the top middle of the rifle under the handle which is designed for both left and right handed soldiers. The rifle is also featured in video games and films like Soldier Sortie, Modern Warfare 3, Battlefield 2, Operation Flashpoint-Dragon Rising/Red River and Glorious Mission.

On the progress to replace all the AK rifles in the PLA, the rifle is set to have a bright future with the PLA and the Chinese Police Force like the Beijing SWAT.

Tuesday, 24 January 2012

Super Hornet

F/A-18E/F Super Hornet

"The Super Hornet is substantially a new aircraft, which shares only limited structural commonality with the F/A-18A-D family of fighters. While the F/A-18E/F forward fuselage is derived from the F/A-18C design, the wing, centre and aft fuselage, tail surfaces and powerplants are entirely new. The baseline avionic system is however largely derived from the F/A-18C, with planned growth through further evolved derivatives of the radar, EW and core avionic systems, and entirely new systems where appropriate.
It was the intended replacement for the F-14, the Navy Advanced Tactical Fighter, a 'swing wing' F-22 derivative, was too expensive for the downsized US Navy budget.
Sizing around a 36% greater internal fuel load than the F/A-18C, with the aim of retaining the established agility performance of the F/A-18C, resulted in a larger wing of 500 sqft area, against the 400 sqft area of the F/A-18C, a 25% increase. The consequent sizing changes result in a 30,885 lb empty weight (31,500 lb basic weight) aircraft, a 30% increase against the F/A-18C. Not surprisingly, the aircraft's empty weight is 8% greater than the F-15C, reflecting the structural realities of catapult launches and tailhook recoveries.

The larger F414 engine, a refanned and evolved F404 derivative, delivers 20,700 lb static SL thrust in afterburner, which is around 8% less than the F100-PW-220 in the F-15C. 
With three 480 USG drop tanks, full internal fuel, combat and reserve fuel allowances, 8 x AIM-120 AMRAAMs and 2 x AIM-9 Sidewinders, the aircraft has a point intercept radius cited in excess of 650 NMI, with some assumptions made about expended missiles. This is radius performance in the class of the clean F-15C. 

Like the F/A-18A-D, the F/A-18E/F was designed from the outset for a dual role fighter bomber mission environment. The enlarged wings have three hardpoints each, typically loaded with a pair of 480 USG tanks inboard and weapons on the pair of outboard stations. The wingtip Sidewinder rail is retained. 

Structurally the Super Hornet is built largely from aluminium alloys, with extensive use of carbon fibre composite skins in the wings, and titanium in several critical areas. The design load factor limit of 7.5G is identical to the F/A-18A-D, at an unspecified gross weight.

Until recently, Super Hornets were delivered with the Raytheon APG-73 radar, not unlike the F/A-18A/B HUG radar. Most recent deliveries see the new APG-79 Active Electronically Steered Array (AESA) radar fitted."

Air Power Australia

Recently, Boeing made upgrades to the Super Hornet adding conformal fuel tanks (CFT), IRST, a stealth pod carrying weapons and a 3D avionics display.

The CFTs carries 1360 KG of fuel on each tank giving the Super Hornet more range.

It also has a centerline mounted weapons pod able to carry a combination of weapons including AMRAAM, JDAM and SDB. The pod is in a stealth configuration which also reduces drag. The pod can also carry a 2000IB Mk82 bombs; another 2 Aim-120 or 4 to 6 SDB. This enables the Super Hornet to free up weapons stations and be in a dogfight in a low drag, highly survivable configuration.

Under the nose of the Super Hornet is the IRST. The Super Hornet is also equiped with a laser warning system on top of the plane in between the CFTs.

The cockpit is also equiped with a 3D single screen display which is a 11 by 19 inch liquid display touch. This allows aircrew to download real time imagery and information straight from the battlefield including the ability to control UAVs.

The rise of the People's Republic of China

As you see on the news that China is rising rapidly economically and militarily with the US and other countries concerned. China, under a communist government, had done alot lift the nation towards a superpower status. It can easily be seen like rising military budget, growing exports, full labor force in factories, growing foreign influence (eg helping Africa) and many technological developments and breakthroughs at the cost of being accused as copycats by the West. So was it true that China was once a powerful nation?

Yes, China was once a powerful empire that stretched through Mongolia, Tibet and Xinjiang. The Qing Dynasty saw the peak in Chinese Empire expansion. The Chinese empire was one of the richest places in the world with living conditions being one of the best at the time. European contact became a fatal impact for the Chinese. By early 1800s, Europeans were interested in Chinese goods like tea, silk, etc. The Chinese were not interested in European products but the only thing they could accept is silver. The Europeans did not want a trade deficit so they decided to import opium. The Chinese refused opium by any means even if it meant war. This led to the humiliating defeat of the Chinese military as their army was outdated unlike the British Army's muskets and cannons. The Chinese Navy still had wooden ships which were destroyed by the Royal Navy's ironclad ships armed with cannons. This resulted in a peace treaty that allowed the opium imported, Hong Kong given to the British and an unlimited amount of european goods into China. The unlimited amount of cheap european goods imported into China resulted in Chinese businesses unable to compete and go out of business. This resulted in more unemployment and poverty.

The Qing Dynasty produced weak emperors until it was overthrown in 1911 with a revolution led by Sun Yatsen. The Nationalist Party (Guamindang) was formed. Eventually, the Russian Revolution brought communism to China with Mao Zedong's quote:

"The gunfire of the Russian Revolution brought Marxism to China"

The Nationalists were led by Chiang Kaishek who was obsessed with getting rid of the Communists. The Japanese invasion in China exposed Chiang's weakness as the Communists had sit back and watched the Japanese destroyed the Nationalists. Eventually, the Communists and Nationalists formed a temporary alliance to fight the Japanese seeing that this is their main priority if they ever want to rule China. After the Japanese surrender, the civil war raged on. The Nationalists were corrupt as they used US aid money (billions) for themselves and were living in rich palaces while the Communists lived among the peasants. The Nationalists had a variety of weapons from the US like tanks, artillery, fighter planes, bombers, etc while the Communists almost had nothing and conducted guerrilla warfare. The Nationalists completely underestimated the Communists while they had excellent tacticians like Lin Biao. In October 1 1949, the Communists marched into Beijing while the Nationalists retreated to Taiwan which as of today still make their final stand. The Communists not only shared their hardships with the peasants but were also brave. They conducted amphibious assaults on Nationalist held territories with only wooden boats and paddles (unlike the Allied D-Day assault on metal ships) with Nationalist artillery pounding around them. Once they got onto the beaches, the disembarked and all charge at the Nationalists. The Communists were about to invade Taiwan but had to deal with Korea as they did not want the Americans at their front door so they helped North Korea and used it as a buffer zone. After the Korean war, the Chinese communist army had no weapons or strength to attack Taiwan. When Mao Zedong met with Japanese officials, they gave him an official apology about their invasion on China. Mao refused to accept their apology and instead thanked them for their invasion as it crippled the Nationalists that enabled the Communists to win the Chinese Civil War.

After the Communists siezed power, Mao Zedong became a hero and went on to rule as a ruthless dictator with people living in poverty. He was the Chinese version of Stalin as he was paranoid about someone wanting to overthrow him and conducted purges. During Mao's rule, millions lived and died in poverty as the Communists took all valuables from the people. This was because the Nationalists took all valuables before retreating to Taiwan after the Civil War. Mao's China broke up with the USSR as their new leader Nikita Khrushchev broke away from Stalin's policies which Mao opposed. This situation saw the United States steping in to start diplomatic relations with China with Richard Nixon visiting China.

After Mao's death, Deng Xiaoping opened China to world including trade which meant massive economic reforms. This meant that goods and services like jeans, McDonalds and Coca-Cola were visible around the country. Keeping up with the latest technologies saw the Chinese people's obsession with Apple products. Example - a boy decided to sell one of his kidneys online so he could buy an iPad 2. When he got it, his parents were puzzled as they never had the money for that kind of electronics. Eventually the boy confessed and the parents contacted the hospital which they denied as organ donation is illegal. His actions made it to world headlines.

Censorship came into place in 2003 when the Chinese Government wanted to cover up it's dark days by censoring websites containing human rights, free Tibet, etc like Youtube, Facebook, etc. 1989 saw communism took a major downfall with the USSR and east European nations switching to democracy. Chinese students and workers protested and camped in Tiananmen Square demanding freedom and democracy only to be massacred by the army.

The advance in Chinese society had seen some setbacks like censorship. In 2003, a censorship law was in place. It meant that topics like Tibet, Tiananmen Square protests, human rights, Dalai Lama, East Turkestan are censored. It also meant that the government deployed thousands of internet police officers to find and censor the sensitive websites. Google had been censored while Youtube, Itunes and Facebook had been banned as they contained content of human rights, free Tibet, etc. If any hollywood films or games insulted China, it would be banned and the film and game would not be able to make the profit it wants from the 1.3 billion people. Censorship occured as the Communist Government never wanted to expose it's deadly past and wanted to keep strong support from the people. Another setback is pollution. Factories are needed to help create jobs for the 1.3 billion people at the cost of pollution at which there is smog covering the skies blocking sunlight. This was a problem during the Beijing 2008 Olympics as not only did the smog made Beijing look bad but was dangerous for marathon runners who breathe heavily while running.

So how does China's advancements concern the West? China has nuclear weapons and a rapidly developing military power which is a concern to it's neighbors. Japan is concerned as it has disputed islands with China and the hatred received from invading China and the atrocities (eg-Nanking massacre). South Korea is concerned as China is North Korea's key ally. Taiwan is also concerned as the Nationalists are still in their final stand and if the Chinese military invades them, the US will back them and this is something the Chinese don't want to be involved in as they do not yet have the military power to take on the US.

Other countries in the South China Sea are also concerned about China's advancements like Vietnam, the Philippines and Malaysia. The reason is because China had made a claim that the South China Sea belong to them and to back that up, China also claimed that it historically owned and ruled the South China Sea. You may think it's lame to rule an empty sea but the South China Sea contains alot of minerals and oil that China needs to fuel it's hungry economy. China wanted to mine the minerals and fuel with it's Navy protecting the resources. This caused concern as China's claim also include other countries exclusive economic zones. China's rise in military power meant that those countries are no match against it and that is when the US is involved. So here you see the US willing to help it's old foe, Vietnam.

Countries had been concerned about China's upcoming aircraft carrier as it will enable them to launch it's planes further and also the long range stealth J-20.

The West had been economically concerned about China as it violated copyright rules. China had been copying Russian weapons, vehicles, etc. In other words, China just cloned a foreign product (added improvements) and just changed the branding of the products. There are other economic controversies like dangerous chemicals on toothpaste, lead paint on toys, baby milk powder poisoned, reused cooking oil from sewers and suicides from Foxconn factory that produces Apple products like IPhone, IPod and IPad.

The rise of China is not always a bad thing. It employed a full work force in factories (eg toys, clothes, electronics, cars, etc) so it can be exported to overseas (at the cost of low wages). China had hosted major events that stunned the world like the Beijing Olympics, the Shanghai Expo, etc. Maybe in the future, the FIFA World Cup will be hosted by China. China also made advancements in space technology as not only they sent satellites to the moon but also became the third nation in the world to conduct a space walk on board the Shenzhou 7. Not only does China have a seat in the United Nations Security Council but also helped poor countries like Africa. China had been deploying peace keepers as part of the UN to poor countries in Africa to help build roads, bridges, schools, hospitals, etc in exchange for oil and minerals unlike European nations that buy them with cash and rely on organisations like the Red Cross or World Vision to provide the aid that Chinese engineers and peacekeepers are bringing to Africa.

China had been accused of helping Sudan in a series of genocides by suppying weapons to the regime. Satellite images showed new Q-5 fighter jets being given to the Sudanese Air Force which they used to bomb civilians while Western journalists found Chinese military trucks used in conducting massacres. In 2012, China built a new headquarters in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia for the African Union at the cost of nothing. In other words, the Chinese paid everything and built the new headquarters for the African Union for free.

Human rights organisations had complained about China having more executions than the rest of the world combined. This is because the Communist government is tough on crime and terrorism. Smuggling drugs into China or Singapore can easily get you a death penalty regardless if you are a Chinese/Singapore citizen or not. Human rights organisations also complain about the lack of freedoms and the control of Tibet which they see as illegitimate.

Imagine if the US Government told their people that shows like American Idol, Jersey Shore, Two and a half men, etc had been cancelled. That is what Hu Jintao had been doing in 2012. Over 2/3 of China's TV shows were taken off as Hu described it as capiltalizing and dividing the Chinese people. Any TV shows with inappropriate or vulgar content was taken down.

Of course, the Chinese Government did alot of hard work to unite China as one nation. If the US invade and take out China, it will break apart with Tibet and Xinjiang being free while Inner Mongolia returns to Mongolia. At that point China would have been at it's lowest since the downfall of the Opium war.

China is not 100% communist. It has a one country, two system type. This meant that the mainland is communist while Hong Kong and Macau are capitalists. Why? Hong Kong and Macau under foreign rule had enjoyed over a century of freedom and private ownership. After returning to Chinese rule, both Hong Kong and Macau stayed as capiltalists as turning communist overnight would be a complete nightmare.

Overall, China is currently in the progress of rising to become a superpower at all costs as it does not want to go through rough times like before.

Saturday, 21 January 2012

Modern Warfare 3 plot

2016 - Captain Price and Nikolai take Captain Soap to Northern India for medical treatment after being stabbed by General Shepherd. In New York, the Russian Naval Fleet dominated the harbour while the Russian Army had a jamming tower over at the New York Stock Exchange. Sandman, Frost and the Delta Force storm into the Stock Exchange and destroyed the jamming tower. This allowed US forces to communicate and conduct accurate air strikes. Delta Force move to the New York harbour where they raided a Russian command submarine. They launch the submarine's missiles which destroyed most of the Russian fleet.

In Northern India, Makarov's men ambush Price and Nikolai's men. They managed to extract Soap and escape. Russian President Boris Vorshevsky was on a flight to Hamburg to meet with the US Vice President to sign a peace treaty. The flight was hijacked and crashed into a forest. The bodyguards protected President Vorshevsky and his daughter until a rescue helicopter arrived. The person inside the helicopter turned out to be Vladimir Makarov who came out with his men and killed the remaining bodyguards. Makarov captured the President and demanded the launch codes that will enable the Russian Army to invade Europe as he wanted Russia to take over all of Europe even if it meant standing over a pile of ashes. Price, Soap and Yuri went to Sierra Leone to find Makarov and his unknown cargo. They failed.

In London, the SAS were called to stop the unknown cargo and a potential terrorist attack. They failed and the cargo turned out to be chemical weapons that detonated. It also detonated around Europe to weaken it's defences in preparation for the Russian invasion. The Russian Army launched an all out invasion on Europe and the US Vice President in Hamburg was taken hostage by the Russians. Sandman, Frost and the Delta Force move to Hamburg along with other US forces to rescue the Vice President with success.

Price contacted MacMillan and was informed about the chemical shipments involving Somalia and a militia leader Waraabe. Price, Soap, Yuri and Nikolai's men move to Somalia to attack Waraabe's compound while a sandstorm was brewing. They captured Waraabe and tortured him using gas wanting information. Waraabe told Price that he never met Makarov and that his contact was a man named Volk and oversaw the delivery to Paris. Price executed Waraabe and headed off to extraction with Nikolai's helicopter shot down. Yuri rescued Nikolai and the team headed off to their secondary extraction via jeeps. Price then contacted Sandman about Volk in Paris.

This led to Delta Force being deployed to Paris to rescue the GIGN who were pinned down. Paris was hit by the gas attacks with Russian forces invading the city. Delta Force managed to capture Volk via car chase. They had to get air support form a AC-130 and exfiltrate by the Eiffel Tower. The exfiltration point was heavily pinned down by Russian Forces which led to US air strikes that not only crippled Russian Forces but also destroyed the Eiffel Tower.

Price, Yuri and Soap moved to Prague, Czech Republic to assassinate Makarov who was planning on having a meeting. The three stealthly moved around the city as it was taken over by the Russian Army and linked up with the Resistance and Kamarov.  During the assassination attempt, Price was to infiltrate the building while Yuri and Soap provide sniper cover. The whole mission was compromised as Kamarov was taken prisoner and was killed by explosives strapped around him. Yuri and Soap's position was also bombed leaving them both falling from a high building to the ground. Soap was heavily wounded and later died of his wounds. Before dying, Soap told Price that Makarov knew Yuri. Price led Yuri down to a cellar where he punched him down the stairs and put him at gunpoint demanding an explanation how Makarov knew him. Yuri answered that he was with Makarov during the Zakhaev assassination attempt in Prypiat, the nuclear explosion in an Arab city and the Moscow airport massacre. He was shot by Makarov while trying to stop the massacre. After the explanation, Price spared his life.

They both infiltrated a castle in Prague where Makarov used to cache weapons and the possibility that Makarov could be there. During the stealth infiltration, both learnt that Makarov just found out the President's daughter location and also demanded the nuclear launch codes. They both escaped. Delta Force moved to Berlin to rescue the daughter. Sandman and Frost provided sniper cover while a squad move in to rescue her but failed. Frost and Sandman regroup with the Bundeswehr and US forces to push towards the location of the President's daughter. Suddenly, a tall building collapsed blocking the way towards the building. Sandman, Frost and Delta Force move under the debris and reached the building only to come too late as the daughter was captured and taken away by a helicopter. Price, Yuri, Sandman and other Delta members assaulted a mine in Siberia where the President and her daughter is held and it was a matter of time before the President gives up the nuclear launch codes. The President and her daughter were rescued but Delta force members deliberately stayed behind and were later crushed by falling rubble. Price and Yuri then move to an Arab Hotel in the Arabian Peninsula where Makarov is.

They both wore juggernalt armor and carried heavy machine guns. They went up the lift after a hard battle and got their armor shreaded by helicopter gunners. They got to the top where they suffered another helicopter attack with Yuri wounded. Price alone was ran and jumped onto Makarov's helicopter, killed the pilots and crash landed it back onto the rooftop. Makarov won the race against Price to grab a pistol and was about to execute Price when he got shot by Yuri only to shoot him back killing him. Price took this chance to fight Makarov and tied cable wires around his neck. He smashed Makarov through the glass floor and left him hanging dead. Price then lighted a cigar and watched Makarov's body hung by the neck.

Battlefield 3 plot

In chronological order

2014 - Sgt Blackburn and his patrol are stationed in Iraqi Kurdistan as Misfit 1-3 with Steve Campo, David Montes and Christian Matkovic. They were tasked to find a missing marine squad. During the search, they were ambushed with Chaffin wounded by a sniper. After escaping the ambush, Misfit 1-3 moved to a building rooftop where Blackburn used an AT4 to take out the sniper hiding in a Hotel. Misfit 1-3 were not able to move back down as it was filled with PLR fighters so they moved over a plank onto another rooftop and eventually found their way down. They found the missing squad with both wounded and killed. Blackburn was tasked with following a wire trail to stop an IED and after, the patrol encountered a huge battle with the PLR.

An earthquake occured and the city was in ruins with PLR overrunning the city. Blackburn linked up with other long marines and escapes with Montes via the V-22 helicopter. Almost the same day as the earthquake, Faruk Al-Bashir and the PLR (People's Liberation and Resistance) seized power in Iran and the US believed that they are a threat. A few weeks later, the US sent 50,000 Marines to invade Iran and take him out. Lt Coleby Hawkins is a Weapons Sysem Officer on board the USS George H W Bush (CVN-77) flying the F/A-18F Super Hornet. She was involved with conducting an airstrike over an Iranian airfield to kill Al-Bashir with Sgt Blackburn's squad conducting battle damage assessment.

The airstrike failed and Misfit 1-3 was tasked to storm an apartment housing strategic intelligence and a major bank afterwards. In the bank, they search a safe which contained alot of money, intel and a crate. The crate contained a portable nuke but has spaces for two more meaning that there is two missing. Misfit 1-3 unit saw Al-Bashir and Soloman on the CCTV monitor walking in the bank lobby and decided to abandon all the intel and only securing the nuke. In the risk of being overrunned, Misfit 1-3 called for armor support. Sgt Johnathan "Jono" Miller (Anvil 3 Charlie Company 1st Tanks)  and his tanks were tasked to destroy enemy armor and reach Misfit 1-3. Miller's tank suffered alot of damage while successfully protecting Misfit 1-3's exfill via helicopter but was later overrunned.

Miller was captured with Al-Bashir giving a message before Soloman slid Miller's throat while on camera. The marines conducted a raid on Al-Bashir's compound to capture him with Blackburn and Campo providing sniper cover. Cole wanted Al-Bashir alive and did not want a "Bin Laden style resolution". Al-Bashir escaped with Blackburn shooting his vehicle stopping him. After exfiltration, Al-Bashir told Blackburn that Soloman betrayed him which led his capture. He also confessed that on the fourteenth of the month when the sun is set, Soloman will strike via trains. Al-Bashir died of his wounds afterwards. After having Al-Bashir's cellphone, the Marines were redeployed from the intel found on the phone. They moved to Northern Iran to find Amir Kaffarov, an arms dealer. After facing an ambush, the Marines encounter a Russian airborne brigade paracuting down also trying to capture Kaffarov.

Captain Cole ordered his marines to fight the Russian paratroopers and get to Kaffarov first as he believed that that the Russians were trying to rescue Kaffarov and also worked with the PLR.  While the battle between US marines and Russian paratroopers occured, Dmitri "Dima" Mayakovsky and his two comrades (Krill and Vladimir Kamarivsky) from the GRU paracuted and assaulted Kaffarov's compound. After a long battle,  Dima climbed on board Kaffarov's helisopter just in time as it took off. Dima threw Kaffarov off and onto a swimming pool. Kaffarov was then forced to tell Dima everything about Soloman's plans. After the battle between Russian paratroopers and US marines, only Cole, Blackburn and Montes survive while Campo and Matkovic were killed by a Russian Su-25 before it got shot down by Blackburn. The remaining three split up to seaech the compound and Blackburn encountered Kaffarov's dead body.

Dima then put him at gunpoint explaining everything about Soloman and his plans. He told Blackburn that Kaffarov stole three nukes from Russia and sold it to Soloman. Soloman planned on bombing New York and Paris vis public transport.  Dima told Blackburn to do whatever he can to stop Soloman in New York and was about to leave when Cole stormed in attempting to arrest him. Dima told Blackburn to shoot him otherwise he won't be able to leave and millions will die. Blackburn then shot Cole. Blackburn and Montes spread Dima's message to the US which they ended up in detention and questioning. Dima and his two comrades went to Paris to stop the PLR from detonating the device. They stormed into a French bank and the gunbattle later shifted to the street.  The police intervened and Dima used this advantage as the PLR was slowed down and getting the nuke got easier.

Unfortunately, Vladimir was killed with Dima and Kiril left to continue the chase. They eventually found the nuke which turned out to be fake and real bomb exploded over the Euronext exchange. 80,000 French people dead. Blackburn was questioned in New York by the CIA agents Gordan and Whistler. Gordan was calm and never argued with Blackburn and just asked questions while Whistler was the opposite in an angry manner. The CIA refused to believe Blackburn's story and claim that it was Dima who played Blackburn and escape to Paris where he trigger the nuke. The CIA also never believed in Blackburn's story as there was no evidence. Gordan also told disappointed Blackburn that Soloman is an overseas asset trying to seek information from Al-Bashir. With no option, Blackburn and Montes escape after knocking out Whistler and a guard.

Blackburn jumped from a bridge onto a train where Soloman and his men boarded. Blackburn fought his way through to Soloman which led to an explosion in the tunnel. Soloman escaped through the sewers while Blackburn chased him. Blackburn was too late when he got out of the sewers when Montes arrived in a stolen police car. The two chased Soloman's vehicle through to Times Square and crashed. Soloman came out and killed Montes with his last bullet before a fist fight with Blackburn. Blackburn knocked him out with a brick and secured the nuke. Dima survived the Paris nuclear explosion with radiation poisoning. He wrote a letter reflecting the past. The door knocked and Dima cocked his pistol.

Monday, 16 January 2012

The Iowa Caucus

A Caucus is basically an election in every state to nominate someone to become a presidential candidate for the up coming election.

What is so important about the Iowa Caucus and why is Iowa always on the world headlines is that out of all caucuses in the US, it always starts off in Iowa. Also, never in the history of the Iowa Caucus has there been a candidate who came below second place to become a winner in the overall caucuses.
In the case of the 2012 Republican caucuses, Michele Bachmann suspended her campaign after coming sixth place while others like Ron Paul (3rd) and Newt Gingrich (4th) still determined to fight on. With Mitt Romney first and Rick Santorum second, the race will very close.

However, the recent recount showed that Rick Santorum narrowly won.

Friday, 13 January 2012


Communism is an ideology that everyone is equal - noone is rich, noone is poor. Invented by Karl Marx, a German living in England who saw the oppression of the working class workers who worked long hours with very low wages while the rich bosses (capitalists) were living a luxury life. According to the theory of communism, killing was natural meaning that a bloody revolution was necessary to overthrow the capitalists and other anti-communists. In the end, society will be left classless with everyone agreeing with Communism so therefore, everyone is equal and shares the same beliefs. Of course, it's easier said than done. Religion is banned and Darwinism is a belief used by Communist which is Darwin's theory of evolution. The reason why religion is banned is because every religion has different beliefs which causes conflict with other religions. By believing in Darwinism and not religion, the theory of equality remains with everyone sharing the same belefs.

In capitalist countries (democracy), private ownership is allowed and there are alot of wage differences with the consequence of wealth gap. In communism, everything is owned by the state and they fully control the economy (like deciding what is produced and how much). This means full employment of labor at the cost of lower standards of living due to wages lower than the capitalist countries.

Another theory of communism was that when countries become communist, they will never fight each other because both countries share the same beliefs of equality. This theory failed as communist countries had seperated or fought each other like the Vietnamese invasion of Cambodia to take out the Khmer Rouge or China's seperation from the USSR.

Communism has left many unanswered questions like for example, in terms of equality does it mean that a doctor earns the same wage as a nurse?

Today there are only five communist countries - China, Vietnam, Cuba, Laos and North Korea.

Friday, 6 January 2012

Battlefield 3 VS Modern Warfare 3 - Outcome

Before the release of Modern Warfare and Battlefield 3, it was predicted that Battlefield 3 will totally crush Call of Duty - Modern Warfare 3. But did it totally crush Modern Warfare 3?

Battlefield 3
Modern Warfare 3

After the release of Battlefield 3, it did not break any world record however it broke personal records. On the first week, it sold five million copies. The largest amount of games sold from EA in a week. On February 2012, Battlefield 3 sold over ten million copies.
Modern Warfare 3 made $400 million in the first 24 hours just like Modern Warfare 2 which broke the world record. Modern Warfare 3 also made $1 Bllion in 16 days beating Avatar who done it in 17 days.

Modern Warfare 3 won best shooter in the Spike TV awards. This caused outrage and a huge mix of reaction as to why Battlefield 3 never won the nomination. Worse, Battlefield 3 did not win a single award from Spike TV. So after so much hard work done on Battlefield 3 to beat Modern Warfare 3, Spike TV still chooses Modern Warfare 3 as best shooter.

Battlefield 3 later won best shooter in the Gamespy awards. It also won the 2012 BAFTA game awards in audio, multiplayer and Game award of 2011.

Why did the prediction go backwards? Prior to Battlefield 3's release, the game released a beta which had alot of glitches and problems which was like Call of Duty's history of glitches and hackers. Although it had glitches and problems, DICE still called it "mission accomplished".
Both games had a mix of reviews. Battlefield 3 had 2 seperate reviews = PC and Consoles. IGN gave them both 9.0/10. IGN also awarded Modern Warfare 3 - 9.0/10. Gamespot gave both Battlefield 3 (PC and Consoles) and Modern Warfare 3 - 8.5/10.
Playstation Magazine Australia gave Battlefield 3 - 8/10 and Modern Warfare 3 - 9/10. PMA described Battlefield 3 not being able to go up to standard while Modern Warfare 3 took Battlefield 3's threat very seriously. While Battlefield 3 got positive reviews especially with the Frostbite 2 engine "that will make take pride over your graphics card investment", the single player campaign was considered negative along with glitches on the Frostbite 2 engine like dead soldiers clinging through walls or dead soldiers still in a shooting position after being killed.

Battlefield 3's single player campaign had negative reviews bacause it was considered too serious unlike the Bad Company series and IGN described it as years of military fiction (eg- Russians, plots against New York, etc) and it feels like you have play it before. Battlefield 3 plot has a serious realistic storyline that was trying to compete against Modern Warfare 3's campaign. IGN described the multiplayer as having alot of freedom of choice including destructable environments but the campaign has undestructable environments and no freedom like being confined to the back of a fighter jet only being able to shoot, not fly.

As for awards, Battlefield 3 won over 60 awards. In E3, it won best action game and best multiplayer. It got 80 best game nominations and won 47 of them. It also won best game in Gamescom and in the Tokyo Game Show.

Both games had caused controversy. Battlefield 3 was criticised by PETA by a scene involving Blackburn killing a rat. It also caused controversy about depicting an invasion of Iran and highly accurately depicting Iranian places like the Grand Bazaar. This caused the game to be banned in Iran with Iranians demanding an apology. Iran is no stranger to video games. An Iranian gamer agreed with this ban as he explained that he once played a video game about the invasion of Iraq and five years after he played that game, Iraq was invaded. Modern Warfare 3 caused controversy after depicting the Davis family on vacation and later being killed by a terrorist truck explosion containing chemical weapons.

IGN also did a viewer's choice between Modern Warfare 3 and Battlefield 3 on three categories - campaign, multiplayer and graphics. Battlefield 3 had the most votes on all three categories which made EA celebrate by using this victory as a promotion.

Battlefield 3's new DLC coming June 2012 is completely based on close quarters which could be another attempt to take down Modern Warfare 3. EA CEO John Riccitiello was hoping that gamers would buy both games and eventually choose Battlefield 3 as the clear winner.

Overall, Battlefield 3 only took a slice of Modern Warfare 3's sales which was almost correctly predicted by EA corporate communications chief Jeff Brown saying to Activision CEO Eric Hirshburg:

"Welcome to the big leagues Eric -- I know you're new in the job but someone should have told you this is an competitive industry. You've got every reason to be nervous. Last year Activision had a 90 % share in the shooter category. This year, Battlefield 3 is going to take you down to 60 or 70. At that rate, you’ll be out of the category in 2-3 years. If you don't believe me, go to the store and try to buy a copy of Guitar Hero or Tony Hawk."
Although Battlefield 3 did not reach it's expected potential, it is only just the beginning like D-Day. By looking at their mistakes, problems and trying new out new ideas in the future, Battlefield 4 in a few years time may, if not, will become the most popular and amazing in the video game market with other video games having match against it.

It has been suggested that Respawn Entertainment's upcoming game will kill Call of Duty as over fourty of it's employees are former senior employees of Infinity Ward and veterans of Modern Warfare 1 & 2.